Identification of Gap between Laws/Regulations of The RI and the UNCAC
The Indonesian people has fought corruption for years, unfortunately with little succes so far. Seven major attempts to fight corruption were taken since 1957, starting with a special military operation aimed at corruption in logistics. In 1967 a Corruption Eradication Team (TPK) was set up with a mandate for repression and prevention.
In 1970 an advisory team, the so-called "Team of Four" (Tim Empat), was established, but its recommendations were not fully followed up. In 1977 the Disciplinary Operation (Opstib) was initiated to combat corruption through administrative and operational disciplinary action. In 1987 a special re-audit for the tax restitution (Pemsus Restitutsi) was launched to eradicate corruption in taxation. In 1999 a Joint Corruption Investigation Team (TGPTPK) was formed under the Attorney General. The same year the Public Officials Wealth Examiner Commission (KPKPN) was set up and later integrated into the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK).
In 2002 the KPK was established with the mandate to coordinate and supervise all institutions in fighting corruption; to investigate and prosecute corruption offenses; to review corruption-prone systems and to develop prevention measures. In addition to the KPK, the Government established the Coordinating Team for Corruption Eradication (Timtas Tipikor) in 2005. Only the latter two organizations, KPK and Timtas Tipikor, pursue their mandates as of today.
The Indonesian Government and the KPK welcome the coming into force of the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC). It is considered an important tool to both improve standards in prevention and repression of corruption in Indonesia. Therefore Indonesia has ratified the convention and seeks to comply with the provisions set by the convention as soon as possible.
To achieve compliance the KPK initiated a study on the gaps between the standards set by the UNCAC and the current Indonesian legislation and institutional framework. This study is meant as a first step towards effective implementation.
Being part of the international communitty, Indonesia seeks to share its experience in conducting this study, particularly with countries suffering equally from corruption.
The KPK hopes that this gap analysis study, "Identification of Gaps between Laws/ Regulations of the Republic of Indonesia and the UNCAC", may be of benefit beyond the borders of Indonesia.